Resource ManagementΒΆ

Generally, the types in the system behave as value types and are reference counted internally. This means that they can be freely copied, those copies behave interchangeably, and any server-side resources are cleaned up when the last shared owner of an underlying resource is destructed.

Consider the following program from the file cleanup/

#include <iostream>
#include "deephaven/client/highlevel/client.h"

using deephaven::client::highlevel::NumCol;
using deephaven::client::highlevel::Client;
using deephaven::client::highlevel::TableHandle;
using deephaven::client::highlevel::TableHandleManager;

// This example shows explicit QueryTable cleanup using destructors/RAII.
void doit(const TableHandleManager &manager) {
  auto table = manager.emptyTable(10).update("X = ii % 2", "Y = ii");
  auto [x, y] = table.getCols<NumCol, NumCol>("X", "Y");
  // This example will dispose each table individually.

  auto t1 = table.where(y < 5);
  std::cerr << "This is t1:\n" << << '\n';

    TableHandle t2Copy;
      auto t2 = t1.countBy(x);
      std::cerr << "This is t2:\n" << << '\n';

      t2Copy = t2;

      // The variable 't2' will be destructed here, but the server resource will stay alive
      // because 't2Copy' is still live.
    std::cerr << "t2Copy still alive:\n" << << '\n';

    // t2Copy will be destructed here. As it is the last owner of the server resource,
    // the server resource will be released here.

  // t1 and the TableHandleManger will be destructed here.

int main() {
  const char *server = "localhost:10000";
  auto client = Client::connect(server);
  auto manager = client.getManager();

  try {
  } catch (const std::runtime_error &e) {
    std::cerr << "Caught exception: " << e.what() << '\n';

At the end of the inner block for doit(), the destructor for t2 runs. However, the corresponding server resource is not yet released, because t2Copy is still live. At the end of the middle block, the destructor for t2Copy runs, and this will actually release the server resource. At the end of the outer block, the destructor for t1 runs and its resources are released. Finally at the end of main() the destructor for client runs, the client is shut down, and the program terminates.