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Version: Python

Installation guide for Docker

Install Deephaven from pre-built images

Deephaven can be downloaded in pre-built Docker images and requires only Docker to run. In this tutorial, you'll learn how to choose a Docker Compose configuration and use it to run Deephaven.


Developers interested in tinkering with and modifying Deephaven source code should follow the instructions in the build from source guide. Python users can also choose to install Deephaven using pip, and can follow along with the Install guide for pip.


Run Deephaven in Docker with a single command:

docker run --rm --name deephaven -p 10000:10000

This default configuration uses a pre-shared key to authenticate users. For more information, see authentication.

Customize the deployment

Download Deephaven's default docker-compose.yml file:

curl -O

This file can be used without any modification to run Deephaven. The following two commands will get you up and running with a randomly generated key to log in:

docker compose pull
docker compose up

Check the Docker logs for the randomly generated key you'll need to access Deephaven. Copy it, head to http://localhost:10000/ide/, and enter the key. You're up and running!

To set your own key rather than use a randomly generated one, set the following in the environment parameters of the deephaven service in docker-compose.yml:

START_OPTS=-Xmx4g -Dauthentication.psk=${DEEPHAVEN_PSK}

This sets the password as the DEEPHAVEN_PSK environment variable. Get started with two commands:

docker compose pull
DEEPHAVEN_PSK=YourSecretKeyHere docker compose up

Enter your secret key (YourSecretKeyHere) at http://localhost:10000/ide/ to start using Deephaven!

For prerequisites, troubleshooting, alternate base images, and what to do next, read on.


Building and running Deephaven requires a few software packages.

Windows10 (OS build 20262 or higher)Only Windows
WSL2Only Linux via Windows

You can check if these packages are installed and functioning by running:

docker version
docker compose version
docker run hello-world
Installing WSL...

Deephaven can be run natively on Windows, without installing WSL. However, users who want to run Deephaven inside a GNU/Linux environment on a Windows machine will need Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) version 2. WSL is not needed on other operating systems.

Instructions for installing WSL 2 can be found at The latest Ubuntu Linux distribution for WSL 2 is recommended.

Installing Docker

Instructions for installing and configuring Docker can be found at Windows users should follow the WSL2 instructions.

Instructions for installing and configuring docker-compose can be found at

Docker RAM settings

Tests run as part of the build process require at least 4GB of Docker RAM. To check your Docker configuration, run:

docker info | grep Memory

By default, Docker on Mac is configured with 2 GB of RAM. If you need to increase the memory on your Mac, click on the Docker icon on the top bar and navigate to Preferences->Resources->Memory. Docker on Windows and Linux should not require configuration changes.


Docker WSL settings

If you are using WSL, Docker's settings must be configured to allow WSL access. In Docker Desktop, navigate to Settings->Resources->WSL Integration, and enable your distribution. After restarting your WSL shell, you will be able to run Docker commands from WSL.


If docker run hello-world does not work...

If docker run hello-world does not work, try the following:

  1. Is Docker running?

    docker info
  2. (Linux) Are you in the docker user group?

    sudo groupadd docker
    sudo usermod -aG docker $USER

Choose a deployment

When determining which deployment is right for your application, there are three key questions:

  1. What programming language will your queries be written in?
  2. Do you need example data from the Deephaven's examples repository?
  3. Do you plan to use one of our machine learning images?

Based on your answers, you can use the following table to find the URL to the desired Docker Compose configuration. For example, if you will be working through examples in the Deephaven documentation, and you develop in Python, you will choose, since it supports Python queries and has the example data used in the Deephaven documentation.

Language / Additional imageExamplesURL
Python with all AIYes
Python with NLTKYes
Python with PyTorchYes
Python with SciKit-LearnYes
Python with TensorFlowYes
Python with all AINo
Python with NLTKNo
Python with PyTorchNo
Python with SciKit-LearnNo
Python with TensorFlowNo

Choose a version

The following commands default to running the latest release of Deephaven. To select other Deephaven versions, set the VERSION environment variable before running docker-compose commands.

VERSION can be set to:

  • latest to get the latest release. (default)
  • A specific release tag (e.g., 0.4.0 or 0.4.1).
  • edge to get the images from the latest commit to the main branch.

For example, in Bash, configure the edge release by running:

export VERSION=edge

Set up your Deephaven deployment

First, create a directory for the system to live in. Use any directory name you like; we chose deephaven-deployment:

mkdir deephaven-deployment

Then, make that the current working directory:

cd deephaven-deployment

Commands in the following sections for interacting with a deployment must be run from the deployment directory.

Now, use curl to get the Docker Compose file for your desired configuration. Substitute the URL of your choice from the table above. We use the Python build with the examples manager included:

# Choose your compose file selected above.
curl -O "${compose_file}"

Now that the docker-compose.yml file is locally available, download the Docker images:

docker compose pull

Since this step only gets the container images and does not run anything, the Deephaven services will not start, and you will not see any logging output.


When new features are added to Deephaven, you will need to redownload the docker-compose.yml file to get the latest version of Deephaven.

Manage the Deephaven deployment

Now that your chosen configuration is set up, enter its directory and bring up the deployment:

docker compose up -d

The -d option causes the containers to run in the background, in detached mode. This option allows you to use your shell after Docker launches the containers.

Since the container is running detached, you will not see any logs. However, you can follow the logs by running:

docker compose logs -f

To stop running your containers without removing them, you can run the following:

docker compose stop

To start over on a fresh session, bring down your Docker image; e.g., docker compose down.

Use CTRL+C to stop monitoring the logs and return to a prompt.

The deployment can be brought down by running:

docker compose down

The Deephaven containers use a few Docker volumes to store persistent data. If you don't want to keep that persistent storage around, you might want to remove all the volumes that were associated with the deployment. This can be done by running:


Running the following command will permanently delete important state for your Deephaven deployment. Only perform this step if you are certain that the deployment state is no longer needed.

docker compose down -v


By default, Deephaven uses a pre-shared key to authenticate users trying to connect to a Deephaven instance.


When using Deephaven with the default configuration, the key is randomly generated and printed to the Docker logs upon startup like this:


You can enter the key in the login screen, or navigate to the URL given in the logs to bypass it.

Deephaven offers other methods for authentication. For more information, see the guides:

Run Deephaven IDE

Once Deephaven is running, you can launch a Deephaven IDE in your web browser. The Deephaven IDE allows you to interactively analyze data and develop new analytics.

  • If Deephaven is running locally, navigate to http://localhost:10000/ide/.
  • If Deephaven is running remotely, navigate to http://<hostname>:10000/ide/, where <hostname> is the address of the machine Deephaven is running on.


Manage example data

The Deephaven examples repository contains data sets to help learn how to use Deephaven. Deephaven's documentation uses these data sets extensively, and they are needed to run some examples.

If you have chosen a deployment with example data, the example data sets will be downloaded to data/examples within your Deephaven folder, which translates to /data/examples within the Deephaven Docker container. See Docker data volumes for more information on how files get mounted in Docker.

Run your first query

From the Deephaven IDE, you can perform your first query.

This script creates two small tables: one for employees and one for departments. It joins the two tables on the DeptID column to show the name of the department where each employee works.

from deephaven import new_table
from deephaven.column import string_col, int_col
from deephaven.constants import NULL_INT

left = new_table(
"LastName", ["Rafferty", "Jones", "Steiner", "Robins", "Smith", "Rogers"]
int_col("DeptID", [31, 33, 33, 34, 34, NULL_INT]),
"(347) 555-0123",
"(917) 555-0198",
"(212) 555-0167",
"(952) 555-0110",

right = new_table(
int_col("DeptID", [31, 33, 34, 35]),
string_col("DeptName", ["Sales", "Engineering", "Clerical", "Marketing"]),
["(646) 555-0134", "(646) 555-0178", "(646) 555-0159", "(212) 555-0111"],

table = left.join(
table=right, on=["DeptID"], joins=["DeptName,DeptTelephone=Telephone"]

What to do next?