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Wire Guide

There are three different wire types that you will need to become familiar with to parse and process a BarrageUpdateMetadata. You will also need to know how to write your own Row Set to set a viewport.

Row Set Wire Format

A Row Set is serialized as a series of commands. Each command is one-byte split into a 5-bit (high) value and a 3-bit (low) value.


Deephaven Enterprise uses the term Index instead of Row Set to refer to this concept.

Possible Command Types (most significant 5 bits):

OFFSET      = 1;
END = 4;

Possible Value Types (low 3 bits):

SHORT_VALUE = 1; // 2 bytes
INT_VALUE = 2; // 4 bytes
LONG_VALUE = 3; // 8 bytes
BYTE_VALUE = 4; // 1 byte

To parse, continue reading until receiving a command type of END. Immediately following a non-end command is the little-endian-encoded value with length denoted by provided value type. If command type is byte array or short array, then the value is the number of elements that follow. These elements are either shorts or bytes depending on the command type. The offset command is a single value (then followed by the next command).

The series of values parsed from the previous paragraph can be used to reconstruct a Row Set. Since a Row Set is an ordered set, all of the values that we insert should always be increasing and thus positive. The algorithm then uses the sign to encode a single value (a positive value) vs a rangle (a positive value followed by a negative value).

To reconstruct the Row Set run the parsed values through this pseudo code:

long pending = -1;
long lastValue = 0;
void consume(long nextOffset) {
if (nextOffset < 0) {
assert(pending != -1);
lastValue = lastValue - nextOffset;
addRowsInRange(pending, lastValue);
pending = -1;
} else {
if (pending != -1) {
lastValue = pending = lastValue + nextOffset;

RowSetShiftData Wire Format

To implement row shifts, RowSetShiftData is a binary encoding of three Row Set encodings without any padding in-between.

The three Row Sets are starts, ends and dests. Each Row Set will have the same length. Let s_i = starts[i], e_i = ends[i], d_i = dests[i], then this triplet represents the notification that all data in keyspace [s_i, e_i] (inclusive) moved to [d_i, d_i + e_i - s_i].


Note that not all rows are required to exist within the shift; it is recommended to avoid iterating through the entire range. See RowSetShiftData for inspiration.

BitSet Wire Format

The bitset is represented in little-endian byte-ordered bits. Assume that all omitted bits are zero.